The most famous symbols of Día de los Muertos are calacas (skeletons) and calaveras (skulls). Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) is a deeply traditional and respectful celebration that focuses on the bright side of death.
Dressing as a “Catrina” is a popular costume in Día de los Muertos celebrations. Catrinas typically feature “sugar skull” make-up.Who is Catrina and what does she represent?
The most popular calavera of all is La Calavera Catrina. You might have seen the famous drawing by Mexican artist José Guadalupe Posada. She is a skeleton lady who is elegant and well-dressed, wearing an extravagantly feathered hat — she represents rich people. Posada took his inspiration from Mictecacihuatl, goddess of death and Lady of Mictlan, the underworld.
The drawing was meant to be sarcastic to portray that we are all equal in death. She has become the most iconic symbol of Día de los Muertos.